|The 11th Texas Infantry Regiment was formed in Houston, Texas, during the winter of 1861-1862. Many of the men were recruited in the towns of Clarksville, Henderson, and Marshall, and the counties of Cherokee and Shelby with Colonel Oran Milo Roberts commanding. O.M. Roberts was the President of the Texas Secession Convention in 1861. He resigned from the Confederate Army in 1864 to become Chief Justice of the Texas Supreme Court. After the Civil War, O. M. Roberts practiced law in Tyler and Gilmer before becoming Chief Justice of the Texas Supreme Court for the second time. Roberts became Governor of Texas and served for two terms then retired to teach law as a professor at the University of Texas which was established in 1883. O.M. Roberts was the first president and an organizer of the Texas State Historical Association.
In May through August of 1862, the 11th Texas Infantry is stationed in East Texas. In September of 1862, the regiment is combined with General Horace Randal's Brigade. The brigade is ordered to march to Arkansas.
February through March of 1863, the 11th is under the command of Horace Randal's Brigade, Walker's Division, Trans-Mississippi Department. Bivouacked near Washington, St. Landry Parish, Louisiana in October, 1863.
In November of 1863, the 11th Texas Infantry joins the 15th Texas Infantry and the 18th Texas Infantry in a temporary attachment to the beloved Brigadier General Tom Green's command. The regiments marched south from Opelousas toward Grand Coteau. On November 2, 1863 the1 1th Texas Infantry is ordered forward towards the enemy by commander of the Confederate District of Western Louisiana, Major General Richard Taylor, son of U.S. President Zachary Taylor and brother-in-law to the Confederate President Jefferson Davis. Colonel Roberts received orders from General Tom Green to report to headquarters near Opelousas.
November 3, 1863 at the Battle of Bayou Bourbeux, the regiments are put under the command of Colonel O. M. Roberts. Colonel Roberts appoints Lt. Col James H. Jones commander, and later Major N.J. Caraway of the 11th Texas Infantry as commander. The 15th Texas Infantry, commanded by Colonel James H. Harrison, were placed on the right of the brigade. The 18th Texas Infantry, commanded by Colonel King, were in the center. Roberts 11th Texas Infantry were on the left of the brigade. “Show them the blood of your mothers” cheered General Tom Green. Caraway skirmishers fell back. Roberts then ordered the battalion broken up and ordered Caraway to redirect Company C back to the 11th Texas Infantry. The11th, 15th, and 18th then reinforced the artillery. The 11th Texas Infantry reported 4 killed, 15 wounded, and 32 missing. Union casualties numbered approximately 716 men.
November 4, 1863, the 11th Texas Infantry joins Walker's Texas Division, holding the country from Opelousas to Simsport from assaults by Union forces. On March 13, 1864, the 11th Texas Infantry retreats to Bayou Boeuf, because of the landing of Union forces in Simsport.
March 18, 1864, the 11th Texas Infantry joins Walker's Division, 36 miles from Alexandria, at the Carroll Jones's plantation. March 21, 1864, the 11th Texas Infantry marches to Natchitoches to prepare for battle with the Union forces. April 5, 1864 , the 11th Texas Infantry marches back to Mansfield to protect the roads that lead to back to Texas.
April 8, 1864 Walker’s Division marched from their camp, which was four miles north of Mansfield. The enemy was advancing from Pleasant Hill. The 11th Texas Infantry march to Sabine Cross-Roads and formed a line of battle with Gen. Mouton's and Gen. Green's divisions. Assisted in taking the Federal Army’s Nims's Artillery. The battle continued until nightfall. The Confederate Army captured 2,000 prisoners, 20 pieces of Artillery, including Nim’s battery, 200 wagons and thousands of small arms.
April 9, 1864, The Battle of Pleasant Hill, General Green’s Division of Cavalry was on the extreme left, Mouton’s Division was on the right of the Cavalry. Walker’s Division was next with Parson’s and Churchill’s Divisions on the right. At 4 o’clock in the afternoon the battle began on the Union’s left. The 11th Texas Infantry chased the retreating enemy, under the command of Major-General Nathaniel P. Banks, leaving their possessions in their camps.
April 10th & 11th, 1864, the 11th Texas Infantry marches to Mansfield to prepare to attack Union troops under the command of General Steele. April 11, 1864, the 11th is put under the command of General Maclay's and General Horace Randal's Brigade. The 11th Texas Infantry marches to Arkansas to attack the enemy forces near Camden.
April 30, 1864 at the Battle of Jenkins's Ferry, the 11th Texas Infantry attacks General Steele's retreating troops, some that were stuck in the swamp. The Confederates were eventually repulsed, and Steele's force continued retreat towards Little Rock, Arkansas.
May 1864, the 11th Texas Infantry is put under the command of Maclay's Brigade, Walker's Division. Sept 1864, the 11th is combined with the 3rd Texas Brigade, 1st Texas Division, 1st Corps. On May 26, 1865 the 11th Texas Infantry is disbanded.
Names of Officers of the 11th Texas Infantry
Graves of men in the 11th Texas Infantry
Texans in the Civil War